Highlights

Since 1965, the Fédération des médecins spécialistes du Québec has brought together physicians working in one of the medical specialties recognized in Quebec.

Its mission is to defend and promote the interests of medical specialists who are members of affiliated associations on the economic, professional, scientific and social fronts.

Timeline - Birth of the FMSQ

 

Before the FMSQ
Mid 1800s Medical specialties begin to emerge in the Quebec region.
1876 The Montreal General Hospital hires its first two medical specialists : Dr William Osler, pathologist, and Dr F. Buller, ophtalmologist-otologist.
Early 1900s Several medical specialties organize themselves.
1920 Hospital Sisters are gradually replaced by physicians assisted by lay nursing personnel.
1928 Birth of the first association of medical specialists : the Société canadienne-française d'électrologie et de radiologie médicale. Other associations defending the interests of physicians are created from this day onward.
1930 First conflict opposing physicians to a hospital : a prelude to the unionization movement for physicians.
1961-1962 Implementation of the hospitalization insurance program defined in the Loi des hôpitaux and the Loi médicale du Québec. From now on, the Collège des médecins is divided vis-à-vis its double mandate : protecting the public and defending the interests of physicians.

 

 

Birth of the FMSQ
1960 (start) The government wishes to impose a salaried status to the medical body. Medical specialists decide to organize themselves and form a professional union.
December 14, 1965 The FMSQ receives its Letters Patent thanks to the initiative of Dr Raymond Robillard and a few colleagues. The FMSQ is made up of 11 affiliated medical associations.

 

 

Timeline of affiliated medical associations

 

Date on which affiliated medical associations joined the FMSQ (in alphabetical order)

Allergology and Immunology

1966

Anesthesiology

1965

Cardiology

1966

Cardiovascular and Thoracic surgery

1965

Community health

1982

Dermatology

1966

Emergency medicine

2000

Endocrinology

1976

Gastroenterology

1966

General surgery

1966

Geriatrics

1988

Hematology and Oncology

1966

Internal medicine

1965

Medical biochemistry

1966

Medical genetics

1998

Microbiology and Infectious diseases

1966

Nephrology

1972

Neurology

1965

Neurosurgery

1965

Nuclear medicine

1976

Obstetrics and Gynecology

1966

Ophtalmology

1966

Orthopedic surgery

1966

Oto-rhino-laryngology

1965

Pathology

1966

Pediatrics

1965

Physiatry

1965

Plastic surgery

1966

Pneumology

1966

Psychiatry

1965

Radiology

1965

Radio-oncology

1983

Rhumatology

1979

Urology

1966

Vascular Surgery

2011

 

 

FMSQ Presidents - Past and Present

Dr Diane Francœur 2014-

 

Born in Amqui (Bas-Saint-Laurent region), Dr Francoeur is the first woman to become President elect of the FMSQ. Graduated of the Université Laval Medical Faculty in 1987, she pursued a specialty course in obstetrics and gynecology at the University de Montréal (1992). She then made a subspecialty in pediatric and adolescent gynecology at the University of Louisville School of Medicine (Kentucky). Dr Francoeur got involved as member of the FMSQ Board in 2009 after having occupied the presidency of the Association des obstétriciens et gynécologues du Québec (2004-2008) and other positions since 1997. Dr Francoeur is also vice-president of the Society of obstetricians and gynecologists of Canada.

 

Dr Gaétan Barrette 2006-2014

Dr Gaétan Barrette obtained his medical diploma from Université de Montréal in 1985; then, in 1989, was admitted as a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. In 1991, he completed a Vascular and Interventional Radiology Fellowship at the University of California (San Diego). In addition to his medical practice at Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, Dr Barrette was President of the Association des radiologistes du Québec before being elected President of the Fédération des médecins spécialistes du Québec on November 16, 2006. Dr Barrette resigned on March 5, 2014.


Dr Yves Dugré 2001-2006

A native of Pointe-du-Lac, in the Mauricie region, Dr Dugré completed his university studies in Quebec City where he obtained his doctorate in medicine. In 1972, he obtained his certification in oto-rhino-laryngology at Université de Montréal. While exercising his profession in Trois-Rivières, Dr Dugré remained involved within various medico-professional instances, thus allowing him to share his expertise with his colleagues. He was President of the Association of Oto-rhino-Laryngology and Maxillo-facial Surgery of Quebec from 1987 to 1989. Afterwards, he held various elected positions on the Board of Directors of the Federation, specifically as Counsellor and as Vice-President between 1991 and 2001, then as President from 2001 to 2006.


Dr Pierre Gauthier 1994-2001

Dr Gauthier has been a practicing pediatrician in Sept-Îles since he was certified in 1968. He is one of the rare Presidents of the FMSQ to have held several positions on the Board of Directors – he was Counsellor, Second Vice-President, and First Vice-President - before being elected President. Because his practice was located in an outlying region, Dr Gauthier developed an expert level of understanding on the question of regional needs, especially that for itinerant physician services.


Dr Robert Marier 1991-1994

Born in Montreal, Dr Marier obtained his medical diploma from Université de Montréal in 1970, then his certification in obstetrics and gynecology in 1978. Dr Marier has always been very active in the organizations with which he was involved. He was President of the FMRQ from 1972 to 1974, sat on several Boards of Directors and was head of service in the hospitals where he practiced. He was a founding member of the Fondation pour l'obstétrique-gynécologie du Québec as well as Vice-President of the Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Quebec before being elected President of the FMSQ.


Dr Paul Desjardins 1978-1991

Born in Halifax, in 1935, Dr Paul Desjardins obtained his medical diploma from Université de Montréal in 1961 and his certification in obstetrics and gynecology in 1966. Within the framework of his medical practice, he developed an interest in maternal and fetal mortality and was the founder of the High-Risk Pregnancy Unit at the Royal Victoria Hospital. Very active within the Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Quebec as well as the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, he held the position of Treasurer and Director of Professional and Economic Affairs at the FMSQ before being elected President.


Dr Raymond Robillard 1965-1978

Having obtained his diploma in neurology in 1958, Dr Raymond Robillard is the founder of the Fédération des médecins spécialistes du Québec. While pursuing his clinical activities at Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont, this visionary was able to bring together the various medical specialist associations that already existed to create a union for the defense of their professional and financial interests. At that time, medical specialists wanted to be able to discuss their dissatisfaction with the role assumed by the Collège des médecins. It took four years of discussions before the creation of the FMSQ, at which time it represented 11 medical associations.